What is an electricity diagnosis?
The electricity diagnosis or state of the interior installation of electricity is a property diagnosis mandatory in case of sale or rental, which will allow the evaluation of potential electrical risks that could jeopardise the safety of people and their property due to a non-compliant installation.
Why do we need to carry out an electricity diagnosis?
Here are some figures that should alert you to the importance of having a compliant electrical installation in your home.
- 80,000 fires of electrical origin in France per year.
- 3,000 victims of electrification and 60 deaths due to electrocution per year in France.
- More than 7 million homes in France are identified as being at risk from electricity.
- 300,000 homes per year become at risk (due to ageing installations or electrical work carried out by individuals who are not familiar with the standards
- 99% of dwellings have at least one electrical fault.
Which properties are concerned by the electricity diagnosis?
In France, tll homes for sale and/or rent that are more than 15 years old are concerned and must undergo an electricity diagnosis. This also applies to homes where electrical work has been carried out, even if they are less than 15 years old.
This electricity diagnosis has been mandatory for property sales since 1 July 2009. It is also mandatory for rentals since ALUR law decree of 11 August 2016.
Installations in the outbuildings of individual houses are also covered by this diagnosis.
Who should carry out the electricity diagnosis?
- Sale of a dwelling:
- By the seller as soon as the property is put up for sale and must be attached to the promise to sell.
- Rental dHousing :
By all landlords since 1 January 2018 and to be attached to the tenancy agreement
How is the Electricity Diagnosis carried out?
During this diagnosis, our certified Diagnostic technician will conscientiously examine six control points from the general control and protection unit or circuit breaker.
It will carry out concise analyses to verify aspects of the installation according to safety requirements.
These 6 control points are
- The property diagnostician checks for the presence of a The circuit breaker must be installed in the building.s easy to use.'accs in order to cut off the power supply quickly in an emergency.
- The property diagnostician checks for the presence of a differential circuit breaker. The latter has a very important role in detecting any unfortunate leakage of current to earth and also in stopping the power supply as soon as the leakage current reaches the differential value corresponding to the leakage, for example: 500 milliamperes (500 mA).
- The real estate diagnostician checks for the presence of a device electrical overcurrent protection which will be necessary to avoid overheating and fires.
- The property diagnostician checks the presence of an electrical installation adapted to wet rooms. He measures the equipotential bonding between the various elements that could cause electrification in the event of direct contact.
- The property diagnostician Checks the condition of cables, connectors, electrical switches...to summarise all the electrical equipment and points out if they are old, unsuitable for use and could be a danger to the inhabitants.
- The property diagnostician Checks the presence of electrical protection of the wires: To protectger ddirect contact with the cables must be placed in well-fixed ducts, skirting boards and/or mouldings and therefore not be visible.
The most frequently identified electrical faults are:
- The mats used electrical equipment Risk of direct contact with live components.
- The drivers not or poorly insulated
- A circuit breaker difficult to access or even absent.
- An absence of grounding (extremely dangerous).
In total, the electricity diagnosis includes no less than eighty-seven verification points (87) which have been set by the NF C 16-600 standard of July 2017.
He usually takes between 30 minutes and 2 hours depending on the size of your home.
After analysing these control points, the property diagnostician lists any anomalies identified and gives a full description of the risks involved. He also mentions (if applicable) whether he was unable to check certain parts.
It does notThere is no obligation to carry out work for the ownerThe purpose of the electricity diagnosis is to make an inventory of the premises, and any anomalies found cannot be considered as hidden defects by the new buyer.
How long is the electricity diagnosis valid?
- RentalThe diagnosis has a validity of 6 years from the date of its completion, so if your tenant leaves the premises after this 6-year period, you will have to carry out a new electricity diagnosis before re-letting your property.
However, if your tenant leaves the premises before the 6 year period, you can re-let your property without having to carry out a new electricity diagnosis.
- SaleThe diagnosis has a validity of 3 years from the date of its completion.
It is advisable to do this as soon as possible after the property is put up for sale, as this electricity diagnosis will be required by the agencies or the future buyer.
Are there any penalties for not having an electricity diagnosis?
- The Diagnosis electricity must be attached to the DDT (technical diagnosis file) which accompanies the compromise or the deed of sale.
- The absence of this diagnosis is considered as fraud (Le dolis a civil offence of defect in consent. Fraud is sanctioned by the nullity of the contract. In addition, the seller or lessor may be subject to criminal sanctions.)
- The amount of the rent or the sale price of the property may be reduced.
Sale of property and non-compliant electricity diagnosis: who should pay for the work to bring it up to standard?
Bringing the electrical installation up to standard
In the event of anomalies or malfunctions found in the electrical system, the law requires that the work be brought into conformity. This work can be carried out either by the seller, who will have the work done at his expense before the sale, or by the buyer, who will have the work done at his expense.
This is an agreement that will be specified on the promise to sell the property concerned.
If the seller does not wish to carry out this work, the potential buyer will be able to request a reduction in the sale price.
Your AOD real estate diagnostician, to secure your real estate transactions
Do you need a property diagnosis for the sale or rental of your property?
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Electricity diagnosis: what are the legal regulations?
Electricity Diagnosis Tariff ?
The price varies according to the surface area of the property and is degressive if you have several diagnoses carried out at the same time (such as the DPE diagnosis or the Lead diagnosis for example).